Remember, New Jersey: Fireworks Are Hazardous Materials
Fireworks are fun, and they inspire wonder in children and adults alike. But unlike other holiday necessities like hamburger buns, hot dogs, and paper plates, consumer fireworks are regulated as Division 1.4G explosives when transported on public roads—and for good reason.
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One needs to look no further than New Jersey’s own history for evidence of the dangers fireworks pose. From 1900 to 1930, 4,290 people lost their lives in fireworks accidents—more than were killed in the Revolutionary War, according to NJ.com. In 1937, the New Jersey legislature unanimously passed a measure to ban fireworks, which would remain in place for eighty years.
(Pictured: The Times of Trenton)
In mid-2017, then New Jersey Governor Chris Christie signed a measure to relax the state’s fireworks laws by legalizing the possession and sale of “non-explosive, “non-aerial” fireworks like sparklers and snappers.
Relaxed New Jersey Fireworks Laws
Organizations that put on permitted public fireworks displays that involve sky-bound fireworks should know the risks associated with the transport, storage, and use of these explosive devices. To limit the risk posed to the public from the transport of fireworks and other hazmat, US DOT Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) maintains stringent regulations in Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations (49 CFR).
Every hazmat shipment must include a shipping paper that accurately describes the payload. Fireworks are no different. A shipping paper must include:
How to Ship Fireworks
- The UN ID number for the material.
- A Proper Shipping Name.
- Hazard class or division and packing group (PG).
- The quantity (in net explosive mass).
- An EX number on the packaging or shipping paper.
- The number and type of packages.
- An emergency contact and telephone number.
- A CDL-holding hazmat driver with a hazmat endorsement.
- Proper placards on four sides of the vehicle (EXPLOSIVES, 1.4).
- A security plan required for shippers and carriers that addresses transport risks, personnel security, en-route security, and unauthorized access.
- A current hazmat registration certificate issued by PHMSA (for transporters/carriers).
In 2015, the US Department of Transportation (DOT) shut down a fireworks hauler for creating an imminent public safety threat by transporting fireworks in plastic grocery bags and failing to comply with many of the hazmat requirements listed above.
2 Days, 2 Certificates—RCRA and DOT Hazmat Training in North JerseyIf you manage and ship hazardous waste or hazardous materials, you must know both the US EPA’s RCRA waste management rules and the US DOT’s rules for packaging, labeling, loading, and documenting shipments.
Join an expert Lion instructor on August 14–15 at our brand new Environmental Training Center in Sparta, NJ to update both your RCRA (40 CFR 262.17) and DOT hazmat (49 CFR 172.704) certifications with two-days of interactive, reliable hazardous waste and hazmat training trusted nationwide!
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Tags: explosives, fireworks, hazmat shipping, PHMSA, Shipping explosives
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