Training / Hazmat Training (DOT, IATA, IMDG)

Hazmat Training (DOT, IATA, IMDG)

Develop a step-by-step method to ship hazardous materials by ground, air, or vessel in full compliance with the latest US and international regulations. Lion's hazmat shipper certification courses provide initial or recurrent hazmat training required by DOT/PHMSA every three years for "hazmat employees" (49 CFR 172.704). Who Needs Hazmat Training?

Ideal for professionals with overall responsibility for compliance with US and international hazardous materials regulations.

Material Specific Hazmat Training

Hazmat training focused on the requirements for shipping specific hazardous materials—lithium batteries, hazmat limited quantities and consumer commodities (formerly ORM-D), regulated medical waste, and hazmat auto parts.

Ideal to ship a single hazardous material or ship products or wastes that are subject to unique requirements. For more details to help you choose lithium battery shipper training that fits your needs, visit Lion.com/Lithium

Operations-level Worker Training

Hazmat training to provide required training for employees with limited, specific responsibilities for hazardous materials transportation compliance. Ideal for pickers, packers, shipping clerks, loading dock workers, and others with limited responsibility for regulatory compliance.

Employees with management responsibilities, i.e., who classify materials, select Proper Shipping Names, determine authorized packaging, supervise hazmat employees, or sign shipping papers/Manifests should complete comprehensive hazmat training.

Hazmat Employee Training for Specific Job Roles

Hazmat training for employees with limited, specific job responsibilities covered by the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR). Ideal for pickers, packers, shipping clerks, loading dock workers, drivers, and others with limited responsibility for regulatory compliance, or who ship hazmat by mail using USPS Publication 52 standards.

Hazmat Training Basics

Must-know details about hazmat training for organizations that ship hazardous materials/dangerous goods. 

Lion’s hazmat shipper certification courses provide hazmat training required by the US Department of Transportation (DOT/49 CFR), the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR) and the IMDG Code.


US DOT requires hazmat training for all employees who can affect the safety of hazardous materials in transportation, including employees who:

  • Supervise hazmat shipping operations

  • Read and interpret regulations

  • Classify or name a hazardous material for transportation

  • Select hazmat packaging

  • Package hazmat shipments or load containers

  • ​Place required hazmat markings and labels

  • Load or unload motor vehicles

  • Fill out or sign hazmat shipping papers or Manifests

  • Supervise other hazmat employees 

  • Train other hazmat employees


See a more detailed definition of "hazmat employee" on the Hazmat FAQ page, or see 49 CFR 171.8.

This video covers who needs DOT hazmat training, what DOT requires hazmat training to include, and when and how often to provide hazmat training for "hazmat employees." Subscribe at YouTube.com/LionTraining for more videos.

Key rules and regulations concerning the timing of hazmat training include:  

  • New hazmat employees must be trained within 90 days of hire/assignment.

  • Hazmat training must be repeated at least every three years (every 24 months for air shippers).

  • New hazmat employees must work under supervision until trained.

  • Employers must keep records of hazmat training.

  • The minimum civil penalty for hazmat training violations is >$500 per day, per employee.

  • The maximum civil penalty for a hazmat shipping violation is >$90,000 per day, per violation.

[See 49 CFR 172.704 and 49 U.S.C. 5123]

Find more details about when and how often to provide hazmat training for employees on the Hazmat Training FAQ page.

Hazmat training must conform to DOT training standards in 49 CFR 172.704.

All hazmat employee training must address three topic areas:
  • Hazmat general awareness,
  • Function-specific hazmat training, and 
  • Hazmat security awareness.
Some hazmat employees must be trained in additional areas:
  • Hazmat safety training is required for employees who handle hazardous materials. 
  • Hazmat security plan training is required if the facility is required to maintain a security plan.

[49 CFR 172.704(a)(1)–(a)(5)]

Q: Do I need hazmat safety training?
A: US DOT’s official policy is that “safety training” is required for hazmat employees who physically handle or transport hazmat packages and who may be exposed to hazmat as a result of a transportation accident. This is understood to include packers, warehouse personnel, drivers, train crews, and employees who load/unload aircraft and vessels. [See 57 FR 20949, May 15, 1992]

Read more: What is Hazmat Safety Training & Who Needs it?

Q: Do I need hazmat Security Plan training?
A: US DOT requires some hazmat shippers to create and maintain a security plan. If your facility is required to have a security plan, then hazmat employees must receive training on their responsibilities under the plan.  

Read more: Who Needs a Hazmat Security Plan? 

Typically, hazmat air shippers need additional training on the International Air Transport Association Dangerous Goods Regulations (IATA DGR). Vessel shippers will need more training on the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code).


IATA DGR Hazmat Training for Air Shippers
If you offer hazardous materials/dangerous goods for transport by passenger or cargo aircraft, you must know the unique, additional IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR) requirements that apply to the air mode. The IATA DGR Section 1.5 requires hazmat training once every 24 months for all employees involved in preparing or offering shipments for air transport.

Lion’s IATA DGR training is intended for hazardous materials/dangerous goods shipping personnel defined in IATA DGR Table 1.5A, categories 1, 2, 3, and 4—shippers, packers, and freight forwarder staff and personnel.


IMDG Code Hazmat Training for Vessel Shippers
If your business ships hazmat by vessel, your shipments must comply with the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code) as well as DOT's 49 CFR hazmat regulations.

For shippers in the US, the IMDG Code Section 1.3 requires hazmat employee training once every three years.
In addition to costly civil penalties, failure to comply with domestic and international hazmat shipping and training regulations can result in rejected shipments, incidents in transit, property damage, and injury to employees or the public.

Learn more: Dangerous Goods Training FAQ

Lion Hazmat Training FAQ

See the Hazmat Training FAQ page for more reliable answers about hazmat employee training for ground, air, and vessel shippers.