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HAZWOPER Training

Lion delivers online HAZWOPER training for two groups of employees who work with hazardous substances: Emergency responders and site workers at uncontrolled hazardous waste sites (e.g., Superfund sites).

These illustrated guides will help you to choose the right HAZWOPER training for you or your employees:

HAZWOPER Training Selector: Emergency Response [29 CFR 1910.120(q)] 

HAZWOPER Training Selector: Contaminated Site Cleanup [29 CFR 1910.120(e)] 

Emergency Response

Personnel who respond to or may encounter emergency hazardous substance releases must complete HAZWOPER training. Initial training and annual refresher training is required for all levels of responders—from awareness level to the Incident Commander. 

These online courses will help satisfy initial or refresher OSHA HAZWOPER training requirements for emergency responders

Contaminated Site Cleanup

OSHA's HAZWOPER regulations require training for employees at sites contaminated with hazardous substances and designated for cleanup by Federal, State, or local authorities under RCRA, Superfund, or other environmental cleanup standards.

These courses will help satisfy initial or refresher HAZWOPER training requirements for site cleanup workers.

HAZWOPER Training Basics 

Must-know details about HAZWOPER training for cleanup site workers and personnel who respond to hazardous substance releases.

OSHA requires HAZWOPER training for three main groups of professionals/personnel:

1. Facility emergency response personnel.  
HAZWOPER training is required for personnel who respond to emergency releases of hazardous substances, wherever the release occurs. OSHA divides the emergency responder category based on each employee's level of responsibility during an emergency release. 

This HAZWOPER infographic illustrates the levels of emergency responders and what HAZWOPER training is required for each employee.

HAZWOPER "emergency response” actions include activities like sounding alarms, covering drains and vents, actively approaching the area of a release to plug, patch, or otherwise stop it, and overseeing the facility’s response to emergency releases. HAZWOPER training requirements for emergency response personnel are covered under HAZWOPER regulations in 29 CFR 1910.120 paragraph (q)(6).

2. Personnel who work at “uncontrolled hazardous waste sites.” 
This includes managers, supervisors, and any employees who may be exposed to hazardous substances health hazards, or safety hazards during cleanup activities—including those with non-cleanup duties, like utility workers.  


Common job responsibilities that require HAZWOPER training include assessing the site, operating equipment on site, excavating drums and other containers, monitoring hazardous substances, taking environmental samples, handling drums of hazardous waste, supervising personnel, and more.

This HAZWOPER infographic illustrates the types of site cleanup personnel who need HAZWOPER training. HAZWOPER training requirements for site cleanup activities are covered under HAZWOPER regulations in 29 CFR 1910.120 paragraph (e).

3. Personnel who work at hazardous waste Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facilities (TSDFs).
HAZWOPER training rules for TSDFs are covered under HAZWOPER regulations at 29 CFR 1910.120, paragraph (p).

OSHA requires annual HAZWOPER refresher training for covered employees.

Annual HAZWOPER training is required for contaminated site clean-up site workers (see 29 CFR 1910.120(e)(8)).
Annual HAZWOPER training is required for all levels of emergency response personnel (see 29 CFR 1910.120(q)(8)(i)).

This is a common point of confusion for hazardous waste generators. 

Under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) hazardous waste regulations US EPA requires “hazardous waste personnel” to complete annual training in proper on-site hazardous waste management practices (40 CFR 262.17).

RCRA training is required to prevent releases of hazardous waste to the environment through proper management. 


HAZWOPER is an OSHA workplace health and safety Standard (29 CFR 1910.120) to protect employees who work with hazardous substances in specific scenarios. These scenarios include response to emergency releases of hazardous substances and cleanup/remediation at contaminated sites.

RCRA training is required for all hazardous waste personnel. Some RCRA-trained personnel may also encounter or respond to emergency releases. Based on the employee's responsibilities and actions during a release, HAZWOPER training at the awareness (FRA), operations (FRO), or technician level may be appropriate.

HAZWOPER emergency response training goes far beyond what typical hazardous waste personnel need to know to safely generate and manage waste on site.

For hazardous waste personnel who's only responsibility during a release is to alert others and evacuate (taking no further action), HAZWOPER awareness training is likely most appropriate. 

Read more: RCRA vs. HAZWOPER: What’s the Difference?

OSHA allows employers to utilize online training as part of an effective health and safety training program, including to help satisfy initial or refresher HAZWOPER training requirements for employees. 

OSHA says:

"In OSHA's view, self-paced, interactive computer-based training can serve as a valuable tool in the context of an over-all HAZWOPER training program. " 
...
  "...OSHA believes that computer-based training programs can be used as part of an effective safety and health training program to satisfy OSHA training requirements, provided that the program is supplemented by the opportunity for trainees to ask questions of a qualified trainer, and gives trainees hands-on familiarity with protective equipment." 

OSHA Standard Interpretation (August 16, 2004)
Because HAZWOPER training must include elements that are specific to the work environment, substances, and equipment the employee will encounter on the job, online HAZWOPER training will likely need to be supplemented with site-specific instruction. 

As part of initial training for site workers at contaminated cleanup sites, OSHA requires three days of field experience in addition to 40 hours of off-site "classroom" instruction.

HAZWOPER Training FAQ

Lion's HAZWOPER Training FAQ answers more of the most frequently asked questions about who needs HAZWOPER training, how many hours of training to provide, and much more. 

Lion - Quotes

Course instructor was better prepared and presented better than other trainers. Course manual and references were easier to use as well.

Marty Brownfield

Hazardous Waste Professional

This is a very informative training compared to others. It covers everything I expect to learn and even a lot of new things.

Quatama Jackson

Waste Management Professional

Very well structured, comprehensive, and comparable to live training seminars I've participated in previously. I will recommend the online course to other colleagues with training requirement needs.

Neil Luciano

EHS Manager

The instructor was probably the best I ever had! He made the class enjoyable, was humorous at times, and very knowledgeable.

Mary Sue Michon

Environmental Administrator

Lion courses always set the bar for content, reference, and practical application. Membership and access to the experts is an added bonus.

John Brown, CSP

Director of Safety & Env Affairs

More thorough than a class I attended last year through another company.

Troy Yonkers

HSES Representative

The course was very informative and presented in a way that was easily understood and remembered. I would recommend this course.

Jeffrey Tierno

Hazmat Shipping Professional

This training broke down the regulations in an easy-to-understand manner and made them less overwhelming. I now feel I have the knowledge to make more informed decisions.

Amanda Oswald

Shipping Professional

This was the 1st instructor that has made the topic actually enjoyable and easy to follow and understand. Far better than the "other" training providers our company has attended!

Lori Hardy

Process & Resource Administrator

Lion's training was by far the best online RCRA training I've ever taken. It was challenging and the layout was great!

Paul Harbison

Hazardous Waste Professional

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