How to Ship Aerosols
The industrial sector uses aerosols for an endless number of applications—pesticides, lubricants, cleaners, paints and more. In fact, aerosols are so common in industrial facilities that US EPA recently added them to the universal waste program alongside common wastes like batteries and lamps, to encourage recycling.
Like many products we use every day, aerosol cans are regulated as hazardous materials. To ship aerosols, shippers must comply with strict domestic and international rules. Violations of US hazmat shipping regulations can result in civil penalties that now max out at more than $80,000 per day, per violation and increase every year.
US DOT Definition of AerosolIn the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR), US DOT defines an aerosol as:
“…an article consisting of any non-refillable receptacle containing a gas compressed, liquefied or dissolved under pressure, the sole purpose of which is to expel a nonpoisonous (other than a Division 6.1 Packing Group III material) liquid, paste, or powder and fitted with a self-closing release device allowing the contents to be ejected by the gas.”
[49 CFR 171.8]
Why Are Aerosols Hazardous Materials?Aerosols, by definition, contain a compressed gas that acts as a propellant and ejects product out of the can. Aerosols are typically assigned to DOT hazard Division 2.2 (compressed gas) or 2.1 (flammable gas).
Occasionally, aerosols contain poisonous or corrosive materials and must be assigned a subsidiary hazard of (6.1) or (8), respectively.
For acceptance by all modes of transportation, shippers of aerosols must:
- Classify the hazards for transportation per 49 CFR 172.101,
- Choose the most accurate, specific shipping name for UN 1950,
- Select safe, compliant packaging to prevent releases in transit,
- Identify any DOT Special Provisions (SP) that apply,
- Properly mark and label packages,
- Placard containers and transport vehicles when required,
- Document shipments on shipping papers, when required,
- Provide employee hazmat training to ensure worker safety and compliance, and
- Consider rules and reliefs available for limited quantities and consumer commodities (formerly ORM-D)
Online Hazmat Training Courses for ShippersHazmat Ground Shipper Certification (DOT)
Provides DOT hazmat training required for hazmat employees in 49 CFR 172.704. Comprehensive general awareness, security awareness, and function-specific hazmat training for managers who oversee hazardous materials safety and employees who perform typical pre-transportation job functions.
Shipping Limited Quantities and Consumer Commodities
Provides required training to ship hazmat limited quantities (including consumer commodities) by ground, air, or vessel under current 49 CFR, IATA DGR, and IMDG Code regulations. The course covers the distinct provisions and reliefs for each mode of transportation.
Tags: aerosols, hazardous materials
Find a Post
The instructor was very knowledgeable and provided pertinent information above and beyond the questions that were asked.
I can't say enough how pleased I was with this course! Everything finally makes sense.
No comparison. Lion has the best RCRA training ever!!
This is a very informative training compared to others. It covers everything I expect to learn and even a lot of new things.
Waste Management Professional
Lion is at the top of the industry in compliance training. Course content and structure are updated frequently to make annual re-training enjoyable. I like that Lion has experts that I can contact for 1 year after the training.
Lion is my preferred trainer for hazmat and DOT.
Lion's information is very thorough and accurate. Presenter was very good.
We have a very busy work schedule and using Lion enables us to take the course at our own time. It makes it easy for me to schedule my employees' training.
Hazmat Shipping Professional
Energetic/enthusiastic! Made training enjoyable, understandable and fun!
Hazardous Waste Professional
Lion courses are the standard to which all other workshops should strive for!
Registered Environmental Health Specialist
Download Our Latest Whitepaper
Use this guide as a quick reference to the most common HAZWOPER questions, and get course recommendations for managers and personnel who are in need of OSHA-required HAZWOPER training.