In the Federal Register yesterday, the US DOT Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA)
announced that the Federal Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR) in some cases pre-empt hazmat inspection and permit rules created by the New York City Fire Department.
For carriers based outside of FDNY’s jurisdiction
FDNY Hazmat Inspection and Permit Requirements
, this action invalidates the FDNY hazmat transportation inspection and permit requirements at FC 2707.4 and 105.6. So, if you are outside of New York City, you are not
subject to these FDNY hazmat inspection and permit requirements.
Motor carriers based within
New York City are subject to FDNY’s jurisdiction, however, and therefore must still comply with the FDNY vehicle inspection and permit requirements
FDNY Hazmat Permit Fee
FDNY requires motor vehicle carriers to obtain a permit to transport certain quantities of flammable liquids, combustible liquids, compressed gases, and explosives within the city.
PHMSA has now determined that this is not a “fair” fee and states that FDNY has failed to prove that the fee is “used for a purpose related to transporting hazardous materials,” as required by 49 USC 5125(f)(1). Therefore, PHMSA has chosen to pre-empt the FDNY hazmat fee, rendering it unenforceable at least for the time being.
Legal Challenge to FDNY Hazmat Rules
The legal challenge to FDNY’s hazmat rules was brought by the American Trucking Association (ATA), which argued on behalf of carriers that the additional hazmat inspection and permit requirements created an undue time and cost burden. Further, it made it difficult for carriers to comply with PHMSA’s 49 CFR regulations, which require hazardous materials to be “transported without unnecessary delay.” [49 CFR 177.88(d)]
What Is Federal Preemption Under Hazmat Transportation Law?
Federal agencies like US DOT may “pre-empt” or invalidate State or local laws or regulations when those State rules conflict with or encourage noncompliance with Federal requirements.
In this case, PHMSA “found that the City created its own independent set of cargo containment, equipment and related requirements that overlap extensive HMR requirements, are likely to encourage noncompliance with the HMR, and concern subjects that [PHMSA] has determined are its exclusive province under the HMTA.”
To see the Federal pre-emption rules for hazardous materials, see 49 U.S.C. 5125
North Jersey Hazmat Training in August
If you ship hazardous materials in the greater NYC area, meet your DOT, IATA, and IMDG training mandates with trusted training at Lion’s new Training Center in Sparta, NJ!
On August 15–17, get recurrent 49 CFR training, IATA DGR training, and IMDG Code training
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Find training that fits your schedule at Lion.com/Sparta
. Or check out Lion.com/Online for a list of popular hazmat, hazardous waste, EPA, and OSHA online training solutions.