Fatal Chlorine Gas Incident in Jordan

Posted on 6/30/2022 by Roseanne Bottone

Have you used bleach in your laundry to whiten your whites? Or sanitized your backyard pool with additives to kill harmful bacteria? These products, and many other common household goods such as paper, paints, plastics, pharmaceuticals, and even car seat cushions, contain chlorine.
In its natural state, chlorine is a greenish-yellow, corrosive, toxic gas. It is highly irritating to the skin, eyes, and lungs. Inhaling chlorine can cause a buildup of fluid in the lungs known as pulmonary edema—a potentially lethal condition. During WWI, chlorine gas was used as a choking agent.
Chlorine is pressurized and cooled to change it to a liquid state, making it amenable for transportation and storage. If the pressurization is compromised, it will quickly return to its gaseous state.
That’s what happened on June 27 when a storage tank slipped from a crane’s hoist at the port of Aqaba in Jordan off the Red Sea (near the border with Israel) as it was loaded onto a ship.
Dock workers, truckers, and ship personnel ran as the port was quickly engulfed in toxic clouds. At least twelve people were killed and more than 250 were injured. The nearest residential area is 15 miles away, so the public was not in immediate danger.
The cause of the incident is under investigation.


How is Chlorine Regulated in Transportation?

Chlorine (UN 1017) is regulated as a toxic gas (Division 2.3) with a subsidiary hazard of oxidizer (Division 5.1) and corrosive (Class 8) in transportation.
In the US, chlorine is regulated as an inhalation hazard and a hazardous substance with a reportable quantity of 10 pounds (49 CFR 171.23(b)(5) and (b)(10)). In other words, if more than 10 pounds are released at one time, an immediate report must be made to the National Response Center and a written report must be filed (DOT Form 5800.1).
Transportation of chlorine by aircraft is forbidden (49 CFR 172.101, IATA DGR 4.2)

Fatal Chlorine Gas Incident in Jordan
The incident in Jordan serves as a stark reminder that hazardous materials pose real danger to supply chain employees and the public at large. The tragic, fatal release of a hazardous materials in transportation underscores the importance of effective hazmat training, proper hazard communication, and safe handling of dangerous goods throughout the supply chain.

Tags: compressed gas, hazardous materials, hazmat shipping, hazmat training

Find a Post

Compliance Archives

Lion - Quotes

I attended training from another provider and learned absolutely nothing. Lion is much better. Hands down.

Nicole Eby

Environmental Specialist

Convenient; I can train when I want, where I want.

Barry Cook

Hazmat Shipping Professional

Lion provided an excellent introduction to environmental regulations, making the transition to a new career as an EHS specialist less daunting of a task. Drinking from a fire hose when the flow of water is lessened, is much more enjoyable!

Stephanie Weathers

SHE Specialist

The instructor was very dedicated to providing a quality experience. She did her best to make sure students were really comprehending the information.

Stephanie Venn

Inventory Control Specialist

The instructor's energy, enthusiasm, and knowledge of the subject make the class a great learning experience!

Brian Martinez

Warehouse Operator

Best course instructor I've ever had. Funny, relatable, engaging; made it interesting and challenged us as the professionals we are.

Amanda Schwartz

Environmental Coordinator

The instructor kept the class engaged and made learning fun. There was a lot of information to cover but time flew by. I will definitely use Lion in the future!

Chelsea Minguela

Hazmat Shipping Professional

Very good. I have always appreciated the way Lion Tech develops, presents and provides training and materials.

John Troy

Environmental Specialist

Attending Lion Technology classes should be mandatory for every facility that ships or stores hazmat.

Genell Drake

Outbound Lead

Amazing instructor; real-life examples. Lion training gets better every year!

Frank Papandrea

Environmental Manager

Download Our Latest Whitepaper

This report details major changes for hazardous waste generators from US EPA’s Generator Improvements Rule, as well as the latest updates from states that are still working to adopt new, stricter Federal requirements.

Latest Whitepaper

By submitting your phone number, you agree to receive recurring marketing and training text messages. Consent to receive text messages is not required for any purchases. Text STOP at any time to cancel. Message and data rates may apply. View our Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.