Top 10 OSHA Violations of 2021
The list of the most commonly cited violations does not change much from year to year, but remains an informative tool that safety professionals can use to identify hazards at their own facilities.
In addition to broadly applicable general industry and construction safety Standards like hazard communication, machine guarding, and fall protection, OSHA continued to emphasize COVID-19 exposure prevention in 2021.
OSHA issued 592 coronavirus-related citations totaling $7.5 million in penalties for employers between October 1, 2020 and October 1, 2021.
10. Machine Guarding (29 CFR 1910.212)OSHA requires employers to identify workplace machinery that can cause injury to an employee. Machine injuries can occur at the point of operation, from rotating and/or moving parts, or from flying chips or sparks.
Total violations cited: 1,113
9. Powered Industrial Trucks (29 CFR 1910.178)Failure to properly train, certify, and re-certify forklift drivers is typically the most common reason employers are cited under OSHA’s 29 CFR 1910.178 Standard for Powered Industrial Trucks.
Total violations cited: 1,420
8. Eye and Face Protection (29 CFR 1926.102)Under OSHA’s Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Standard for the construction industry at 29 CFR 1926.102, employers must ensure that employees use eye and face protection to protect them against flying objects, splashes or drops of hazardous chemicals, and other workplace hazards that can injure the eyes and face.
Total violations cited: 1,452
7. Fall Protection—Training Requirements (29 CFR 1926.503)Construction industry employers are required to provide fall protection training to each employee who might be exposed to fall hazards—and required re-training when necessary.
Total violations cited: 1,666
6. Lockout/Tagout (29 CFR 1910.147)Lockout/tagout is crucial in facilities where machine maintenance and servicing occur. The unexpected release of hazardous energy—“Control of Hazardous Energy” is the 29 CFR 1910.147 Standard’s proper title—can result in severe injuries, amputations, crushing, and death.
Again in this case, employee training is a stumbling block for employers. Failure to train employees on proper lockout/tagout procedures is one of the most common reasons OSHA issues citations—and why lockout/tagout appears on this list year after year.
Total violations cited: 1,698
5. Hazard Communication (HazCom) (29 CFR 1910.1200)Hazard Communication fell from 2nd to 5th place in 2021. OSHA’s HazCom Standard requires all employers to provide workers with information about hazardous chemicals in the workplace. Chemical hazards—from toxic gases to everyday cleaning products—are communicated using written HazCom programs, hazard labels/warnings, Safety Data Sheets (SDS), and HazCom training.
Total violations cited: 1,947
Lion offers online OSHA HazCom training in English and Spanish.
4. Scaffolding (29 CFR 1926.451)OSHA requirements for scaffolds in the construction industry are found at 29 CFR 1926.451 and include specific weight limitations, construction requirements, and rules for planking and decking scaffold platforms correctly.
Total violations cited: 1,948
3. Ladders (29 CFR 1926.1053)OSHA issued more citations under its Ladder Standard than the previous year. Ladders rose on the Top 10 List from 5th to 3rd place. Frequent violations of OSHA’s Ladder Safety Standard for the construction industry include broken or poorly maintained ladders and standing on the top step of a ladder (prohibited by §1926.1053(b)(13)).
Total violations cited: 2,026
2. Respiratory Protection (29 CFR 1910.134)Under OSHA’s Respiratory Protection Standard for general industry, employers must complete medical evaluations, perform fit-testing to ensure respirators function properly, and train employees on proper use and maintenance.
While respiratory protection rose from #3 on last year's list to #2 for 2021, OSHA issued fewer total citations for violations of this Standard (2,527) than they did during the previous fiscal year (2,649).
Total violations cited: 2,527
1. Fall Protection—General Requirements (29 CFR 1926.501)Topping the list once again this year is OSHA’s Fall Protection Standard. Common violations of this safety standard include failure to provide proper PPE and fall arrest systems for employees.
Total violations cited: 5,295
Announcement from National Safety Council (NSC):
OSHA Reveals Top 10 Safety Violations for Fiscal year 2021 at NSC Safety Congress & Expo
OSHA Safety, Hazmat, and HAZWOPER Training Anytime, AnywhereFrom respirators and PPE to hazard communication and lithium batteries, find safety training you need to protect your staff and maintain compliance with OSHA safety standards in 29 CFR at Lion.com/OSHA.
Courses are interactive and self-paced, and employees can stop and start as needed to fit training into their day-to-day work schedules.
Tags: osha, OSHA compliance, OSHA Top 10, safety, workplace safety
Find a Post
The instructor kept the class engaged and made learning fun. There was a lot of information to cover but time flew by. I will definitely use Lion in the future!
Hazmat Shipping Professional
The exercises in the DOT hazardous materials management course are especially helpful in evaluating your understanding of course information.
Principal Industrial Hygienist
The instructor was excellent. They knew all of the material without having to read from a notepad or computer.
I attended training from another provider and learned absolutely nothing. Lion is much better. Hands down.
Convenient; I can train when I want, where I want.
Hazmat Shipping Professional
The instructor was energetic and made learning fun compared to dry instructors from other training providers.
International Trade Compliance Manager
The instructor was probably the best I ever had! He made the class enjoyable, was humorous at times, and very knowledgeable.
Mary Sue Michon
I have over 26 years of environmental compliance experience, and it has been some time since I have attended an environmental regulations workshop. I attended this course as preparation for EHS Audits for my six plants, and it was exactly what I was looking for.
Director of Regulatory Affairs
If I need thorough training or updating, I always use Lion. Lion is always the best in both instruction and materials.
Having the tutorial buttons for additional information was extremely beneficial.
Download Our Latest Whitepaper
Shipping papers are a crucial part of safely shipping hazardous materials. See the top 5 mistakes shippers make on shipping papers, and how to avoid them.