GHS Labeling: More Than Just a Picture

Posted on 8/7/2012 by James Griffin

Q. What kind of information is required on the new GHS labels?
A. As many EHS professionals are now aware, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) added the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) to its regulations on March 26, 2012.
Because of OSHA’s adoption of the GHS, there are broad revisions of the Hazard Communication Standard, or HazCom Standard. The GHS will change the way we classify hazardous chemicals, create labels for shipments, and generate Safety Data Sheets (SDSs). In this newsletter, we will focus on successfully creating compliant GHS labels.
GHS Label Information
There are six required elements that must go onto a GHS label. All GHS labels must have:
  • A product identifier (as used on the SDS);
  • The name, address, and telephone number of the chemical manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party;
  • A signal word;
  • Pictograms;
  • Hazard statements; and
  • Precautionary statements. [29 CFR 1910.1200(f)(1)]
The first two elements are fairly self-explanatory. Under most circumstances, they will usually just consist of the chemical name and the chemical manufacturer.
To figure out the last four elements, you will have to use Appendix C of the HazCom Standard at 29 CFR 1910.1200. This appendix outlines most of the information that must be included on the label.
To label a product, you must first know what it is and what its properties are. Once you have classified the chemical according to the new GHS classification criteria in 29 CFR 1910.1200, you simply turn to the page in Appendix C that matches the chemical classification, and add the noted information.
For instance, let us say that we have a chemical that is a Flammable Liquid, Category 3. I would turn to 1910.1200, Appendix C.4.19 Flammable Liquids. Here is some of the information we are told to include on the label:
  • Signal word: “Warning”
  • Pictogram: Flame
  • Hazard statement: “Flammable liquid and vapor”
  • Precautionary statement: “Use only non-sparking tools”
For a given chemical, you must include information from Appendix C for all hazards that were identified during classification.
Implementation of these new GHS rules is required by June 1, 2015 (except that distributors may continue to ship products labeled under the old HazCom system until December 1, 2015). [29 CFR 1910.1200(j)]
Be sure your employees understand the new GHS classification criteria, labels and pictograms, and Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) with Lion’s Hazard Communication Online Course. All employees must be trained by December 1, 2013!

Tags: GHS, HazCom, marks and labels, osha

Find a Post

Compliance Archives

Lion - Quotes

The instructor was very patient and engaging - willing to answer and help explain subject matter.

Misty Filipp

Material Control Superintendent

The instructor was very dedicated to providing a quality experience. She did her best to make sure students were really comprehending the information.

Stephanie Venn

Inventory Control Specialist

The instructor created a great learning environment.

Avinash Thummadi

CAD & Environmental Manager

I can't say enough how pleased I was with this course! Everything finally makes sense.

Kim Graham

Lab Manager

This is the best RCRA training I've experienced! I will be visiting Lion training again.

Cynthia L. Logsdon

Principal Environmental Engineer

I like the consistency of Lion workshops. The materials are well put together and instructors are top notch!

Kevin Pylka

Permitting, Compliance & Environmental Manager

My experience with Lion training, both online and in the classroom, is that they are far better organized and provide a better sequential explanation of the material.

Robert Roose

Manager, Dangerous Goods Transportation

Excellent. I learned more in two days with Lion than at a 5-day program I took with another provider.

Francisco Gallardo

HES Technician

This training broke down the regulations in an easy-to-understand manner and made them less overwhelming. I now feel I have the knowledge to make more informed decisions.

Amanda Oswald

Shipping Professional

I have attended other training providers, but Lion is best. Lion is king of the hazmat jungle!!!

Henry Watkins

Hazardous Waste Technician

Download Our Latest Whitepaper

Shipping papers are a crucial part of safely shipping hazardous materials. See the top 5 mistakes shippers make on shipping papers, and how to avoid them.

Latest Whitepaper

By submitting your phone number, you agree to receive recurring marketing and training text messages. Consent to receive text messages is not required for any purchases. Text STOP at any time to cancel. Message and data rates may apply. View our Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.