How to Ship Dry Ice by Air with Non-Dangerous Goods
Dry ice is not regulated by the DOT as a hazardous material when shipped by ground. But if you’ve ordered flower arrangements and cakes to be shipped overnight for your big birthday bash, the suppliers are going to have to keep those flowers fresh and treats cold for the airplane ride.
Dry ice – also named “Carbon dioxide, solid” with UN identification number 1845 – is regulated by air as a miscellaneous Class 9 dangerous good.
Why is Dry Ice Hazmat by Air?What makes dry ice potentially dangerous? As the dry ice sublimates, it releases gas that can build up enough pressure inside a package to cause an explosion. As gas is emitted in a confined space like an airplane, it displaces air and can cause suffocation. In addition, dry ice is a cryogenic; contact can cause severe damage to skin.
If you’re ordering Maine lobsters for your birthday party, the supplier will not use dry ice to keep them cold. That suffocation problem from displacing oxygen will doom the poor critters before they get to you!
The following is a brief overview of the requirements for shipping carbon dioxide, solid (dry ice) by air with contents that are NOT dangerous goods.
Packaging Dry Ice for Air TransportAccording to the International Air Transport Association Dangerous Goods Regulations (IATA DGR) packing instruction 954, the packaging containing dry ice must be designed and constructed in a way to permit the release of carbon dioxide gas, so the package doesn’t rupture from a build-up of pressure.
One way to accomplish this is to not tape all the seams. UN specification packaging is not required.
Note: For its 2020 edition of the Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR), IATA updated the acceptance checklist that air carriers use to accept dry ice air shipments. See the updated acceptance checklist here.
Marking and Labeling Dry Ice for Air TransportIn addition to the hazard class 9 label; and the UN identification number, the proper shipping name, and the To and From address, the net weight of the dry ice must be marked on the outside of each package. (If the packages are inside an overpack, the total quantity of dry ice must be indicated on the outside of the overpack.)
Shippers Declaration Not RequiredSince the dry ice is accompanying something that does not require shipping papers, a Shippers Declaration is not required. However, the air waybill or alternative shipping paper must show the following in this order:
- UN 1845 Carbon Dioxide, solid (or Dry Ice);
- The number of packages; and
- The net weight of the dry ice in each package.
Hazmat Training to Ship Dry IceIf you ship dry ice by air or vessel, hazmat training is required for employees who can affect the safety of your shipments in transport (see 49 CFR 172.704).
For personnel who package, mark, label, load, document or sign shipping papers for dry ice shipments, the Shipping Dry Ice Online Course is built to satisfy hazmat training requirements in 49 CFR, the IATA DGR, and the IMDG Code.
Tags: dry ice by air, how to ship dry ice, IATA DGR, shipping dry ice
Find a Post
The exercises in the DOT hazardous materials management course are especially helpful in evaluating your understanding of course information.
Principal Industrial Hygienist
If I need thorough training or updating, I always use Lion. Lion is always the best in both instruction and materials.
Best course instructor I've ever had. Funny, relatable, engaging; made it interesting and challenged us as the professionals we are.
Lion Technology workshops are amazing!! You always learn so much, and the instructors are fantastic.
I think LION does an excellent job of any training they do. Materials provided are very useful to my day-to-day work activities.
The course was very informative and presented in a way that was easily understood and remembered. I would recommend this course.
Hazmat Shipping Professional
Given the choice, I would do all coursework this way. In-person courses go very fast without the opportunity to pause or repeat anything.
Chemical Laboratory Manager
I really enjoy your workshops. Thank you for such a great program and all the help Lion has provided me over the years!
Hazardous Material Pharmacy Technician
I attended training from another provider and learned absolutely nothing. Lion is much better. Hands down.
Excellent course. Very interactive. Explanations are great whether you get the questions wrong or right.
Environmental, Health & Safety Regional Manager
Download Our Latest Whitepaper
Look beyond the annual "Top 10 List" to see specifics about the most cited OSHA health & safety Standards and the individual regulations that tripped up employers the most last year.